Legal

Judicial system in Finland

The judicial administration consists of the independent courts of law, prosecution service, enforcement authorities, who see to the enforcement of judgments, The Criminal Sanctions Agency, who sees to the enforcement of custodial sentences, and Bar Association and the other avenues of legal aid.

The competent unit within the judicial system can be searched by the name of the municipality on the contact information page.

Legal services and advice can be requested from the Ministry of Justice’s legal aid offices.

Helsinki Legal Aid Office
Porkkalankatu 13 G
Telephone +358 (0)29 566 0120

Finding a lawyer

If you need to find a lawyer you can search one through the Finnish Bar Association.

General

In Finland, in many lines of business, you must notify the authorities and seek one or more official permits before business operations can begin. Depending on the line of business, permission notices and applications are filed either with the municipal or regional authorities (such as the Environment Centre of the City of Helsinki or the Regional State Administrative Agencies) or with national authorities (such as Valvira). In some fields, professional competence is also required, which must be approved by an official Finnish authority. Professional competence is often mandatory, for example in the social services and healthcare sectors. Authorities may carry out surprise checks to ensure that all permits are in order.

More details on permits can be found on the Enterprise Finland web page

Tax inspections

The Tax Administration has the right to check all your records and accounts at any time and may even carry out surprise checks. You should, therefore, ensure that everything is always in order!   If you have any questions concerning taxation, contact your nearest Tax Office.

Source

Agreements

An agreement is always a two-way legal act, which means that both parties must approve the agreement for it to become legally valid. Entrepreneurs should properly familiarise themselves with matters pertaining to contract law before entering into an agreement because once an agreement has been made it cannot be altered by either one of the parties alone.

An agreement can also be made orally, but it is advisable to make a written agreement in order to reliably prove what was agreed on in the event of disputes.

The Finnish Contracts Act regulates the preparation of agreements, contractual authorisation, the invalidity of legal transactions and arbitrage. The Contracts Act is applied to business agreements, for example. The regulations do not apply to agreements in a specified form, such as property transactions.

Source: Enterprise Finland